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November 20, 2018

Please read today’s Scriptures and use the comment section on this page to share your insights from today’s reading. You can also just mention a verse that impacted you or post a question!

Read (and Hear) the Bible in One Year

Text: Acts 18-20
Audio: Acts 18-20

You can use the audio Bible as a guide to help “set the pace” as you read along.

Leviticus 2 (ESV)

“When anyone brings a grain offering as an offering to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour. He shall pour oil on it and put frankincense on it and bring it to Aaron’s sons the priests. And he shall take from it a handful of the fine flour and oil, with all of its frankincense, and the priest shall burn this as its memorial portion on the altar, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. But the rest of the grain offering shall be for Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the Lord‘s food offerings.

“When you bring a grain offering baked in the oven as an offering, it shall be unleavened loaves of fine flour mixed with oil or unleavened wafers smeared with oil. And if your offering is a grain offering baked on a griddle, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mixed with oil. You shall break it in pieces and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering. And if your offering is a grain offering cooked in a pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil. And you shall bring the grain offering that is made of these things to the Lord, and when it is presented to the priest, he shall bring it to the altar. And the priest shall take from the grain offering its memorial portion and burn this on the altar, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 10 But the rest of the grain offering shall be for Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the Lord‘s food offerings.

11 “No grain offering that you bring to the Lord shall be made with leaven, for you shall burn no leaven nor any honey as a food offering to the Lord. 12 As an offering of firstfruits you may bring them to the Lord, but they shall not be offered on the altar for a pleasing aroma. 13 You shall season all your grain offerings with salt. You shall not let the salt of the covenant with your God be missing from your grain offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt.

14 “If you offer a grain offering of firstfruits to the Lord, you shall offer for the grain offering of your firstfruits fresh ears, roasted with fire, crushed new grain. 15 And you shall put oil on it and lay frankincense on it; it is a grain offering. 16 And the priest shall burn as its memorial portion some of the crushed grain and some of the oil with all of its frankincense; it is a food offering to the Lord.

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Next: Leviticus 3

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This Post Has 2 Comments
  1. And he shall take from it a handful of the fine flour and oil, with all of its frankincense, and the priest shall burn this as its memorial portion on the altar, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. Leviticus 2:2

    Grain Offering

    There are three offerings that produce a "pleasing aroma to the Lord:

    1. Burnt Offerings (Leviticus 1:9,17)
    2. Grain Offerings (Leviticus 2:2,9)
    3. Peace Offerings (Leviticus 3:5,16)

    Of these three offerings, the grain offering is the only one with a pleasing aroma that is not an animal sacrifice. 

    The Reformation Study Bible notes on the grain offering say:

    "Like the other sacrifices, the grain offering symbolizes the worshiper’s dedication of himself to God. The Hebrew name for this offering suggests that it was a gift, expressing the worshiper’s gratitude to God. This name is also used to describe tribute, which underscores the subservience of the presenter to someone greater (Gen. 32:13; Judg. 3:15; 2 Kin. 8:8)."

    Sproul, R. C. (Ed.). (2015). The Reformation Study Bible: English Standard Version (2015 Edition) (p. 161). Orlando, FL: Reformation Trust.

    In his commentary on Leviticus, Gordon J. Wenham writes of the grain "cereal" offering:

    "The cereal offering also provided the priests with their main source of income. Christian laity are responsible for ensuring that their ministers and clergy receive proper provision. 'Do you not know that those who are employed in the temple service get their food from the temple, and those who serve at the altar share in the sacrificial offerings? In the same way, the Lord commanded that those who proclaim the gospel should get their living by the gospel' (1 Corinthians 9:13–14). Paul justifies the payment of ministers by appealing to the practice of the OT and to the teaching of Christ—'the Lord commanded.' He seems to be referring to Jesus’ remark in Luke 10:7 that 'the laborer deserves his wages.' Church people could well ponder the NT teaching on this subject, for few ministers have Paul’s forthrightness when it comes to their own remuneration. According to Jesus and Paul the minister is entitled to be paid for his preaching. He should receive enough to cover his housing, his food and drink (Luke 10:7; 1 Corinthians 9:4). He should receive an allowance for his wife, if he is married (1 Corinthians 9:5). In fact he should be paid on the same basis as other workers—soldiers, farmers, and shepherds being the examples Paul cites (1 Corinthians 9:7)."

    Wenham, G. J. (1979). The Book of Leviticus (pp. 72–73). Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.

    In answer to the question, "Why would the aroma of a sacrifice be important to God?", the following article was posted at

    "The importance of a sacrifice’s aroma is not the smell but what the smell represents—the substitutionary atonement for sin. The very first mention of God smelling the aroma of a burnt offering is found in Genesis 8:21. Noah offered a burnt offering of clean animals and birds after leaving the ark. We are told it was a 'pleasing' aroma to God. The idea is that Noah’s sacrifice was a propitiation, or satisfaction, of God’s righteous requirement. God was pleased with the sacrifice and then gave the promise to never again destroy every living creature with a flood.

    "In Leviticus, a pleasing aroma is mentioned in connection with the various offerings of Jewish tabernacle worship. Leviticus 1:9 says, 'The priest is to burn all of it on the altar. It is a burnt offering, a food offering, an aroma pleasing to the LORD.' As in the case of Noah’s offering, what pleased the Lord was the commitment to offer worship in His name as He commanded. The 'pleasing aroma' is also mentioned in Leviticus 1:9 and Leviticus 1:13, emphasizing the action of propitiation rather than the actual smoke of the burnt offering."

    In speaking of Jesus, Ephesians 5:2 says, "And walk in love, as Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God."

    Let's walk in love. 

  2. It’s not necessarily what is sacrificed that creates a “soothing” or “pleasant” aroma which pleases God. It’s sacrifice itself:

    “Therefore be imitators of God, as beloved children; and walk in love, just as Christ also loved you and gave Himself up for us, an offering and a sacrifice to God as a fragrant aroma.” Ephesians 5:1-2 

    “But I have received everything in full and have an abundance; I am amply supplied, having received from Epaphroditus what you have sent, a fragrant aroma, an acceptable sacrifice, well-pleasing to God.” Philippians 4:18


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