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October 30, 2018

Please read today’s Scriptures and use the comment section on this page to share your insights from today’s reading. You can also just mention a verse that impacted you or post a question!

Read (and Hear) the Bible in One Year

Text: Luke 14-16
Audio: Luke 14-16

You can use the audio Bible as a guide to help “set the pace” as you read along.

Memory Verse of the Week

“You shall have no other gods before me.”
(Exodus 20:3 ESV)

Exodus 21 (ESV)

“Now these are the rules that you shall set before them. When you buy a Hebrew slave, he shall serve six years, and in the seventh he shall go out free, for nothing. If he comes in single, he shall go out single; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him. If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master’s, and he shall go out alone. But if the slave plainly says, ‘I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free,’ then his master shall bring him to God, and he shall bring him to the door or the doorpost. And his master shall bore his ear through with an awl, and he shall be his slave forever.

“When a man sells his daughter as a slave, she shall not go out as the male slaves do. If she does not please her master, who has designated her for himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He shall have no right to sell her to a foreign people, since he has broken faith with her. If he designates her for his son, he shall deal with her as with a daughter. 10 If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, or her marital rights. 11 And if he does not do these three things for her, she shall go out for nothing, without payment of money.

12 “Whoever strikes a man so that he dies shall be put to death. 13 But if he did not lie in wait for him, but God let him fall into his hand, then I will appoint for you a place to which he may flee. 14 But if a man willfully attacks another to kill him by cunning, you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.

15 “Whoever strikes his father or his mother shall be put to death.

16 “Whoever steals a man and sells him, and anyone found in possession of him, shall be put to death.

17 “Whoever curses his father or his mother shall be put to death.

18 “When men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone or with his fist and the man does not die but takes to his bed, 19 then if the man rises again and walks outdoors with his staff, he who struck him shall be clear; only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall have him thoroughly healed.

20 “When a man strikes his slave, male or female, with a rod and the slave dies under his hand, he shall be avenged. 21 But if the slave survives a day or two, he is not to be avenged, for the slave is his money.

22 “When men strive together and hit a pregnant woman, so that her children come out, but there is no harm, the one who hit her shall surely be fined, as the woman’s husband shall impose on him, and he shall pay as the judges determine. 23 But if there is harm, then you shall pay life for life, 24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

26 “When a man strikes the eye of his slave, male or female, and destroys it, he shall let the slave go free because of his eye. 27 If he knocks out the tooth of his slave, male or female, he shall let the slave go free because of his tooth.

28 “When an ox gores a man or a woman to death, the ox shall be stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten, but the owner of the ox shall not be liable. 29 But if the ox has been accustomed to gore in the past, and its owner has been warned but has not kept it in, and it kills a man or a woman, the ox shall be stoned, and its owner also shall be put to death. 30 If a ransom is imposed on him, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is imposed on him. 31 If it gores a man’s son or daughter, he shall be dealt with according to this same rule. 32 If the ox gores a slave, male or female, the owner shall give to their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

33 “When a man opens a pit, or when a man digs a pit and does not cover it, and an ox or a donkey falls into it, 34 the owner of the pit shall make restoration. He shall give money to its owner, and the dead beast shall be his.

35 “When one man’s ox butts another’s, so that it dies, then they shall sell the live ox and share its price, and the dead beast also they shall share. 36 Or if it is known that the ox has been accustomed to gore in the past, and its owner has not kept it in, he shall repay ox for ox, and the dead beast shall be his.

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Next: Exodus 22

Back: Exodus 20

This Post Has One Comment
  1. Now these are the rules that you shall set before them. Exodus 21:1

    Establishing Order

    Now that the Ten Commandments have been revealed outlining the moral Law of God in the previous chapter (Exodus 20), rules (or judgments) are established in Exodus 21 to guide Israel's civil magistrates in cases of civil disputes.

    The moral Law of God (the Ten Commandments) reveals God's character and as such it's as relevant to believers today as it was to God's people when they were first given. These Laws are for all believers for all time because they are grounded in the very character of God. 

    There are however others "laws" (rules or judgments) revealed in the Old Testament such as civil laws and ceremonials laws (which include dietary laws and physical circumcision) which were given to the people of Israel for that period of time. With that said, the some of the principles of the civil law are helpful today as they establish a governing body in society and a protocol of fairness in justice.

    Making distinctions between God's moral law and civil/ceremonial laws (rules) is important especially because if we were to put some of them into practice today, we could be sinning!

    For instance, in Galatians 5:2, Paul writes, "Look: I, Paul, say to you that if you accept circumcision, Christ will be of no advantage to you."

    In an article titled "Which Laws Apply?", R.C. Sproul writes, "During the period of Reformed scholasticism in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, Reformed theologians said that God legislates to Israel and to the new covenant church on two distinct bases: on the basis of divine natural law and on the basis of divine purpose. In this case, the theologians did not mean the lex naturalis, the law that is revealed in nature and in the conscience. By “natural law,” they meant those laws that are rooted and grounded in God’s own character. For God to abrogate these laws would be to do violence to His own person. For example, if God in the old covenant said, 'You shall have no other gods before Me,' but now He says, 'It’s OK for you to have other gods and to be involved in idolatry,' God would be doing violence to His own holy character. Statutes legislated on the basis of this natural law will be enforced at all times.

    On the other hand, there is legislation made on the basis of the divine purpose in redemption, such as the dietary laws, that when their purpose is fulfilled, God can abrogate without doing violence to His own character. I think that’s a helpful distinction."

    In All the Books and Chapters of the Bible, Herbert Lockyer writes, “In this and the following two chapters, we are told of “The Book of the Covenant” (Exodus 24:7), with its record of civil, social and religious enactments. These chapters give us a detailed account of Israel’s duty to God and to neighbors. In the chapter before us, we have ‘the rights of persons.’ Laws concerning slavery occupy verses 1-11. Slavery was a recognized institution at that tie, but the law modified it and lessened its severities. Laws concerning injuries take up the rest of the chapter. Murder, homicide, kidnapping, assaults by man and beast, are all dealt with alike. Compensation and property rights are also dispensed. Lessons learning from this chapter are precious in these days when life is held so cheaply.”

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